- The Roots of Utopia.
- The Word and How We Got It.
- Definitions: Utopia, Revelation, Millenial, Apocalyptic, Chialistic.
- Utopia and the Unveiling
- Utopia and the End of Time.
- The Religious Structure of Progressive and Radical Politics
- Secular Utopias and the Coming of Modernity
The Plan of Our Inquiry. Course Requirements. Mutual Introductions.
September 9 Thomas More, Utopia (Norton, 1992 )
- Hythloday, Rafael as a creation of Puns
- Critique of counselors
- Reaction to Enclosure, Idleness, and Private Property
September 15 Francis Bacon, "The New Atlantis" (1627) in Three Early Modern Utopias (Oxford, 1999)
Essays from Utopia (Norton Edition):
Amerigo Vespucci, "The First Voyage"
"The Humanist Circle: Letters" (Peter Giles et al)
- Utopia as a Critique of Present
- Law in society
- Communism/uniformity in the Bible (Chapter Four Acts of the Apostles) and Plato (myth of Guardians)
September 16 Francis Bacon, "New Atlantis" (1627) and "Background" Essays From Claeys and Sargent (eds.), The Utopia Reader (NYU, 1999), p 87-104.
Discussion Themes: Bacon as First Science Fiction Utopia
- Bacon's Four Idols of the Mind-man holds the power to change the world through
science and knowledge
- Salomon's house a research institution
- "twice paid" Bacon's critique of corruption
- The "tirsan" title shows the rigid patriarchy and hierarchical aspect of society with its
goal of expansion of power
September 22 Aristophanes, The Birds, (Penguin, 2003 [c. 414 BC]) and
The Utopia Reader p. 6-71: Utopianism Before Thomas More:
The Golden Age:
Hesiod, Works and days
Virgil, Fourth Eclogue
Genesis, "The Garden of Eden"
Pindar, "The Elysian Fields,"
Horace, "Islands of the Blest," Epode 16
The Middle Ages: Eden, Dracontius
The Land of Prester John
The Lawgivers: Plutarch, "Solon," "Lycurgus"
Utopias and Utopian Satires:
The Prophets, Isaiah
The Millennium: "The Revelation of St. John," Il
Monasticism, "The Rule of St. Benedict," "The Rule of St. Francis"
The Cockaigne: Telecleides, Cockaigne
- The impact of the "New Atlantis" - 2001 Space Odyssey metaphor
- Man becoming like the Gods, or Shiva "Death and Destroyer of Worlds"
- Limits of the scientific view- Global warming as a sign of the Earth fighting back
- The "Golden Age" as a cultural commodity
September 23 Plato, The Republic (Basic, 1991 [c. 360 BC])
MAKE UP CLASS- 6:30-7:50 Aspinwall 302
- 1st Century AD - a critique of Plato's own time
- Spring and its relationship to fertility and the "new"
- Genesis as a counter monotheistic story to the polytheistic Babylonian creation story
(more centered around Nature)
September 30 Plato,The Republic and Aristophanes, The Birds (Penguin, 2003 [c. 414 BC])
- "The Assembly women"
- "Communist state" all property held in common and women's role.
October 6 Plato, The Republic
"Interpretive Essay" on Plato by Allen Bloom
"Cockaigne" essays in Norton edition of Utopia and Utopia Reader
Henry Neville, "The Isle of Pines," (1668) in Three Early Modern Utopias (Oxford, 1999)
- Influence of Plato on Utopian genre (criticism of Karl Popper of Plato's Utopia as class-
based, eugenics-based and fascist)
- Plato's causes of war; Plato's idea of an ideal state having qualities of temperance,
living within one's means; disinterested ruling class; elimination of faction/political
turmoil by eliminating powerful families and ordering class by their function in society;
- Essences, Inheritance, and Justice 1668 "Pornutopia" or Isle of Pines
- Plot includes geographical trope, shipwreck and land of plenty; George the
Bookkeeper lives a "nerd's fantasy"
- Treatment of Phillipa and black children
- Story serves as an aria for Arcadia and Genesis story - Eden then decay. Also,
operates as an allegory of failed Colonialism.
October 7 Henry Neville, "The Isle of Pines" and Voltaire, Candide (Norton, 1991 )
Norton Background Essays
Voltaire's poem, "Poème sur le désastre de Lisbonne "
- a picaresque and a conte philosophique
- 18th century intellectuals' framework for evil without religion; "for the best and the best
of all possible worlds"- Liebniz and social optimism (which Voltaire ridicules)
- Qualities of El Dorado - anti-clerical, limited freedoms, Western riches are devalued
(think More and Plato)
- Conclusion: man has been exiled from the garden - recovery from the fall comes
October 20 Crane Brinton, The Anatomy of Revolution (Vintage, 1965 )
- "Bliss was it then to be alive, but to be young was very heaven" Wordsworth, from The
- Revolution situated on the map of History and Out-Of-History: First, the Golden Age; the
Fall plunges Man Down to the Quotidian World (Vulgar History); only Revolution
(reversing the Fall) can take him back up to Utopia (the achieved Golden Age)
MAKE-UP CLASS 8 pm Aspinwall 302
- Utopia in relation to our time and the current election
October 21 Crane Brinton, The Anatomy of Revolution and Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station (New York Review Books, 2003 )
- How do we make a revolution?
- Recipe for revolution 1.) Mass hysteria/mass enlightenment 2.) Propaganda of the
- Lenin, "What is to be done?"
- Change, Reform and Property, and Restoration of old ideas
October 27 Marx & Engels, The Communist Manifesto (Norton, 1988 ) and The Utopia Reader p 182-227 including:
The Nineteenth Century: Communal Societies as Utopias
Frederick William Evans, Â¨The Shaker CompendiumÂ¨;
"The Millennial Laws," "Shaker Covenant"
"Amana or the Community of True Inspiration," "The Twenty-One Rules"
Oneida, "System of Criticism""
Charles Fourier, "Selections Describing the Phalanstery,"
American Fourierism: Albert Brinsbane, "Association"
Charles Henri de Saint-Simon, Â¨Sketch of a New Political SystemÂ¨
John Adolphus Etzler, Â¨The Paradise within Reach of all MenÂ¨
Robert Owen, Â¨The Book of the New Moral WorldÂ¨
Ettienne Cabet,Â¨ Voyage to IcariaÂ¨
- Evolution of Obama's language to current post-partisan rhetoric (Utopian)
- Making peace with the horrors of Capitalism,
- Fourier's influence on Marx; Marx vs. Hegel: history as a motive force; what pushes
- St. Simon and Marx's treatment of class conflict
October 28 Marx & Engels, The Communist Manifesto and The Utopia Reader p 182-227
Supplementary (optional) reading: Allison's recommendation: The German Worker found under Reserveweb and Norton Edition Essays in The Communist Manifesto
- Marx said little about the mechanics of revolutions and classless society; argument
- His pamphlet as the precursor to many revolutions that ended in totalitarian regimes
- Optimistic view of the future- capitalism evolve to bring about a class-conflict and
November 3 No Class- ELECTION WEEK, GO O!
November 4 No Class- ELECTION WEEK, GO O!
November 11 Turgenev, Fathers and Sons (Norton, 1995 ), Dostoevsky, Notes From Underground (Norton, 2001 ) and Charles Nordhoff, American Utopias (Berkshire House, 1993 )
- Critique of reform and incremental change vs destruction
- Creation and undermining of Bazarov
- Definition of Spite
November 17 Turgenev, Fathers and Sons, Dostoevsky, Notes From Underground and Charles Nordhoff, American Utopias
MAKE UP CLASS- 9 pm Kaden, Pizza
- Dostoevsky's view of human nature, the impossibility of utopia, critique of social
- Nordhoff's concern with the threat/impact of unions and organized labor
November 18 Turgenev, Fathers and Sons, Dostoevsky, Notes From Underground and Charles Nordhoff, American Utopias
November 24 Turgenev, Fathers and Sons, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward 2000-1887 (Oxford, 2007 ) and William Morris, News From Nowhere (Penguin, 1994 )
Recommended: Dostoevksy's Demons and Hamburg Cell (film)
Also: Bring copies of your paper proposal and select your favorite Utopia from Nordhoff's book.
MAKE UP CLASS- 9 pm Kaden 200. Screening of "Jonestown: A Life and Death of The Peoples' Temple" (American Master Series, PBS documentary 2007). Chinese Food.
- Generational conflict: liberals of the '40s vs. Bolsheviks of the '60s
- Questioning (or not) rationality in human character
- Nietszche on Dostoevsky "frightening how well he knows himself" — power of
recognition in fiction
November 25 Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward and "Jonestown: A Life and Death of Peoples Temple"
- Jonestown impact- adoption, racial issues, care for the elderly, Uciah
- "Post-Marxist" Utopia of Julian West's world, mass industrialization and nationalization
December 1 William Morris, News From Nowhere, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward and "Review of Looking Backward" in Penguin edition of News From Nowhere.
MAKE UP CLASS- 9 pm RKC 200.
- Two future worlds and Utopian romances, one reacting to the other.
- Rural, Holistic ideal of art and craftsmanship and fulfillment through work-Morris
- Morris and Bellamy's opposing views on labor and production within the state
December 2 The Autobiography of Joseph Stalin (Da Capo, 1999) and Michael Pollan's "Open Letter to the Farmer in Chief" (New York Times Magazine, 2008)
December 8 Arthur Koestler, Darkness at Noon (1940)
December 9 CCS film screening and skype discussion with Andy Bichlbaum , "Barthesian Filmicity and the Nugatory Dilemma" at CCS...THE YES MEN! Accessed here: http://www.bard.edu/ccs/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Yes_Men
December 15 PAPER DUE (12-15 pages) Arthur Koestler, Darkness at Noon
- Are the Yes Men true to their methodology? Is awareness enough?
- Revolutionary faith becomes a nation's morality
- The interesting equation- Marx and Utopia traditions...Pol Pot and dedicated
December 16 David Chandler, Voices from S-21 (California, 1999), David Chandler, Brother Number One (Westview, 1999)
- Pol Pot's secret Regime
- The horrible climax of "the end justifies the means" in revolutionary change
- Can the liberal model be adapted to a Utopia and thus achieve equality while
maintaining the same degree of freedom and creativity?
Recommended texts for later study of Utopia: Dostoevsky, Demons (1872); Turgenev, First Love (1860)
Recommended films: Roland Joffe, "The Killing Fields" (1984), Mick Jackson, "A Very British Coup" (1988), Gillo Pontecovro, "Battle of Algiers" (1966), John Sayles, "Matewan" (1987), Martin Ritt, "The Molly Maguires" (1970)